The Present Perfect Simple + Continuous

المضارع التام البسيط The Present Perfect simpleTense
Subject + ( have / has ) +p.p + O + ADV

أحداث ماضيه لها تبعات أو عواقب في الحاضر..1
1- He …………………..(clean) the kitchen yet.
2- We………… just…….(eat) all the eggs.
3- They ……..already……….(wash) the dishes.
4- The plane ……just……..(land)
2. للتحدث عن الانجازات
1. My favourite team ………………. (take) the league four times this season.
2. Brazil …………….(win) the World Cup three times .
3. Ali ………………(win) three medals so far.
Adverbs:sinceمنذ/forلمدة/justتوا/yet ‘a short time ago’حتى الآن/بعد/already ‘sooner than expected’قبل قليل/ recently حديثا /never ‘not ever’.أبدا/ever ‘in your whole life up to the present timeمرة /latelyمؤخرا/up to nowلغاية الآن/ so farحتى الآن / all day طوال اليوم/ all morningطوال الصباح/all week ,at lastوأخيراً ,nowadaysهذه الأيام,beforeقبل)
Negative sentencesالنفي
Subject + ( have / has ) +not +p.p + O + ADV

1. Everything is going well. We……………..(not / have ) any problem so far.

2. He……………..( not / see ) Hisham yet.
Question form

( Have / Has ) + subject + p.p + ( complement ) ….. ?
1. Has he ………………..(finish) writing his homework yet?
2. How many books ………… you ………….. (read) so far ?


المضارع التام المستمر Present Perfect Continuous

Subject + ( have / has ) been + base form + Vi- ing

I/you/we/they have been waitinghe/she/it has been waiting
Key words:
up to now , all day, all week , all month, since/ for +time+ now
A) to talk about an activity that started in the past and that are still going on now.
حدث بدأ في الماضي وما زال يحدث لغاية الآن.
1. I ………………(sit) her since 7 o’clock. I am sitting right now.
2. Since 4 o’clock up to now, my father………………(do) his homework.
3. Ali……….(work) on this report since 4 o’clock this morning, he needs a little time to finish.
4. Do you see those people on the hill? They………….(weave) their shirts for more than an hour.
B) to talk about a prolonged activity.أحداث طويلة
1. Hisham and Abdullah……………….(study) English for 5 years.
2. Ali…………….(learn) to drive for two months.
C) to talk about an action that began in the past and has recently stopped or just finished , but we are interested in the result.
1. I am tired because I ……………..(work) hard all morning.
2. You are out of breath,……………(you run) ?



For and Since

For : تستخدم للدلالة على طول الفترة الزمنية length of time , وتكون هذه المدة غير محددة , مثل :days, months, weeks, years, hours

1. They have been playing football…………………an hour. ( since – for )
2. He has been learning English in this school………………….three years. ( since , for )

Since : تستخدم عند الحديث عن فترة محددة من الزمن a specific point in time , مثل: May, Friday, 1970, 6:30…

1. Ali has been waiting here…………………..three o’clock. ( since, for)
2. The boys have been away……………….. last Monday. (since, for )
* عزيزي الطالب , عليك ان تدرس هذا الجدول لتميز بين since و for

Since
For
Yesterday
Four years
Eight o’clock
Fifteen minutes
June Seven hours
Last summer 45 seconds
I was a child Many years
My birthday
Three months
Tuesday A week
2008 A longtime
last month ages
five weeks
Complete the sentences with (since / for)
1. He has been ill……………….Monday.
2. They has been in the hotel……………………four days.
3. We have known each other…………………2004.
4. They have been studying English………………..last August.
5. My parent have been waiting for me………………..three hours.


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